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  • :
  • 44,212 sq. km
  • Population
  • :
  • 15 million
  • Capital
  • :
  • Chandigarh
  • Languages
  • :
  • Hindi & Haryanavi


  Haryana Travel Guide The small state of Haryana, spread over an area of over 44,000 square kilometers, was founded in 1966 when the former state of Punjab was divided into Haryana and the modern Punjab. It is both the oldest and most modern of places. Most of tourists who come to India pass through Haryana, the state that surrounds Delhi on three sides, the capital of the country, and whose highways lead to Agra, Rajasthan, and Himachal Pradesh.

As they drive through, tourists are treated to the view of neat and abundant green fields, and a growing number of modern residential complexes and industrial townships. For those who want to relax for some time during the journey, there are numerous roadside resorts with which the state government has dotted all the major highways. However, there is much more to discover and enjoy in the state of Haryana.


Located in the Northern part of India, Haryana is bound by Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab in the west, Himachal Pradesh in the north and Rajasthan in the South. The national capital territory of Delhi is next to Haryana. Haryana is situated between the latitude 30.30 North and longitude 74.60 East.

Most of Haryana is in the plains with the Aravali mountain range starting its westward journey from here. The Yamuna is the only major river that passes through this small state, which is one of the greenest in the country. There is a very good network of canals throughout the state, giving it the much-needed impetus for agriculture, the mainstay of Haryana's economy.

History of Haryana

  Haryana Travel Guide The treatise written by Manu, the lawgiver in Indian mythology, designated Haryana as Brahmavart from where the Brahmanical religion and social system grew up and spread outwards to the rest of the country. in a sense, therefore, one can say that much of the Hindu religion and society was formed on the flat, dry plains of the present-day Haryana.

in the epic of the Mahabharata, it was at Kurukshetra, during a battle between that Kaurava and Pandava princes that Lord Krishna delivered one of his most important messages through the celestial sermon-the Geeta.

With Delhi as the prize awaiting generations of invaders, Haryana served as a sort of a geographical corridor. Over the centuries, waves of invaders poured across the plains of Haryana, sometimes fighting battles there. At the end of the 14th century, Timur led an army through the state towards Delhi. in 1526, the invading Mughals defeated the armies of the ruling Lodi dynasty at the Battle of Panipat and 30 years later, in 1556, the Mughals won yet another decisive battle there.

By the mid-18th century, the Marathas were in control of Haryana, an era that was brought to an end after the Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Maratha forces in the third battle of Panipat in 1761.


Climatically, the state of Haryana has three major seasons. The summers are the hottest months (April to June) when the mercury normally remains over 40C. This is followed by the monsoon, which continues from July to September. The average annual rainfall in the state is 580 mm. The winter months are extremely cold with the temperature hovering around 5C most of the time from November to February.

Fairs & Festivals of Haryana

Besides all the other festivals common to the rest of the country, Haryana celebrates Lohri with deep religious fervour. It is celebrated on the 13th of January every year. The temperature at this time drops to an all time low and there is a biting chill in the air. Bonfires are made into which sugarcane, parched rice, sesame seeds and monkey nuts are put as offerings to the fire and the blessings of the goddess of Lohri are invoked.

The Harvest festival (in April) of Baisakhi in Haryana is an experience of a lifetime. Both in Haryana and Punjab, farmers start harvesting with great jubilation. It is one of the liveliest celebrations and involves dance, music and feasting.

  Haryana Travel GuideThe most picturesque festival is the Teej festival, celebrated with the onset of the monsoon. This is the time when the oppressive summer heat is cooled by welcome showers. in Haryana, it is seen as a rejuvenation of life-in leaves, in grass, in man. Woman walk around with hennaed hands wearing tinkling glass bangles and colourful dresses and fast for the long life of their husbands.

in the rural parts of Haryana, the festival of Sanjhi is celebrated in the month of October. 'Sanjhi' is the name given to the image of the mother goddess Durga as designed by the women of rural Haryana.

A modern day celebration in Haryana is the Vintage Car Rally. An event organized by the owners of a newspaper 'the Statesman'. It is a day of shining brass, tooting horns, period costumes and happy smiles. The Sohna Hill climb is the test for the old models-a perfect path dotted with delightful tourist facilities.

The Surajkund Crafts Mela is the largest crafts fair in India, is celebrated in the month of February for fifteen days. Every year thousands of craftsmen come from all over the country to show and sell their wares. Cultural programmes are organised during the festival every day.

How to Reach Haryana BY AIR -

The Chandigarh airport is connected to other places in the country like Delhi, Amritsar, and Leh. Proximity to the indira Gandhi international Airport at Delhi gives the state greater access to places in India and abroad.


All the major places in Haryana are connected to Delhi and other important centers all over the country in India by a good network of trains. Both the Central and Northern Railways have extensive networks in the state.


There is a good road network in the state that connects all the places in Haryana to each other as well as from the places outside the state boundary like Delhi, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. The Haryana State Road Transport Corporation and private operators have good services to all the places in the state.

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